With the latest display of firepower and strength by the Indian Army in its drill there is a great news that’s coming straight from the research wing of DRDO, riding upon the upgraded version of Brahmos. Brahmos the fastest cruise missile’s upgraded version has successfully tested and again has brought India on the same platform with other bipolar powers who boost prowess of having fine mercenary power. QRSAM the surface-to-air missile was also successfully tested a week ago. All these success has brought upon by the DRDO which is growing like never before.
DRDO is that the research and development wing which comes under the ambit of Ministry of Defence. It has a vision to empower India with the highly influential and cutting-edge defence technologies and a mission to realize self-reliance in critical defence technologies and systems while equipping our soldiers with state-of-the-art weapon systems and equipment following essentials laid down by the trio Services. DRDO’s research wing under Indian Defence was incepted in the year 1958, and from the day it was amalgamated of the then already functioning Technical Development Establishment (TDEs) of the Indian Army and therefore since then the Directorate of Technical Development & Production (DTDP) with the Defence Science Organisation (DSO) has become significant firepower. DRDO was then a little organization with ten establishments or laboratories, but now it is a force to reckon with expansion in every field.
DRDO’s pursuit of self-reliance and successful indigenous development and production of strategic systems and platforms like Agni and Prithvi series of missiles; light combat aircraft, Tejas; multi-barrel launcher, Pinaka; air defence system, Akash; a good range of radars and EW systems; etc., have given quantum jump to India’s military might, generating effective deterrence and providing crucial leverage.
Presently, DRDO may be a network of quite 50 plus laboratories which are further profoundly engaged in developing defence technologies covering various disciplines, like aeronautics, armaments, electronics, combat vehicles, engineering systems, instrumentation, missiles, advanced computing and simulation, superior materials, the naval systems, experimentation on life sciences, and training, also the information systems and the agriculture. DRDO currently boost assistance of innumerable amount of organizations and back by over 5000 scientists and about 25,000 other scientific, technical and the supporting personnel. Several major projects for the event of missiles, armaments, light combat aircraft, radars, EW systems etc. are available and significant achievements have already been made in several such technologies.
Integrated Missile Development Programme (IGMDP) was the brainchild of renowned scientist Dr APJ Abdul Kalam. It had been intended to achieve self-sufficiency within the field of missile technology. After keeping in mind the wants of varied sorts of missiles by the defence forces, the program recognized the necessity to develop five missile systems.
The IGMDP formally got the approval of the then Indian government on the July of 26, 1983. It also went on to bring together the country’s scientific community, academic institutions, R&D laboratories, industries and therefore the three defence services in giving shape to the strategic, indigenous missile systems.
The missiles developed under IGMDP are:
- Short-range surface-to-surface missile – Prithvi
- Intermediate-range surface-to-surface missile – Agni
- Short-range low-level SAM – Trishul
- Medium-range SAM – Akash
- Third-generation anti-tank missile – Nag
DRDO has been developing platforms that have considerably enhanced our fighting capabilities. During this pursuit of excellence, the DRDO has helped India achieved a few notable achievements, viz.
- One of the four counties to possess Multilevel Strategic Capability
- One of the four countries to possess Airborne Warning & system (AEW&C)
- One of the five counties to possess our own Fourth plus Generation fighter
- One of the five countries to possess its missile Defence Programme
- One of the seven countries to possess developed its own Main Battle Tank
DRDO is not only about IGMDP but has many more potent missile in its arsenal and has a firepower that can take any fight to the doors of enemy’s hegemony. Its pride lies in below mentioned missiles that gives India a sense of security with these missiles guarding the borders of the country.
Brahmos was being developed with Russia as a private joint-venture. It is a Multi-platform cruise that can go on to strike from various kinds of platforms and devastate the enemy with sheer power. It is a proud missile which is among the earth’s fastest supersonic cruise missiles with speed ranging between the Mach 2.5 – 2.8. It’s strength lies in its ability to be a ‘fire and forget’ weapon, i.e. that requires no further guidance from the control centre once the target has been assigned to it.
It is a subsonic missile, which acts as a supplement to the BrahMos. It is capable of being launched from any platforms ashore, sea and the air. It is a terrain hugging, stealth missile which is capable of delivering 24 differing kinds of warheads relying on mission requirements. It can reach up to 1,000 km.
Sagarika Submarine-Launched missile (SLBM)
It was integrated with India’s nuclear powered Arihant-class submarine. It has an impeccable range of around 700 km.
It is one of the variant of the K-15 Sagarika. It is a submarine- nuclear-capable missile. Aims to strengthen India’s second-strike capability.
It is a sea-based, short-range, liquid-propellant missile, which is the naval version of the Prithvi II missile and has a maximum range of 350 Km.
It is a beyond-visual-range missile employing a solid-propellant. In terms of size and weight, it is one of the tiniest weapon developed by the DRDO. Active radar seeker to hunt out targets. It boasts of having Electronic counter-measure capabilities in its arsenal. It was designed to intercept and destroy enemy aircraft at supersonic speeds within the head-on mode at a spread of 80 km.
India’s latest surface-to-surface missile with a spread of 150 km. The primal objective is to bridge the gap between the unguided Pinaka multi-barrel launcher and thus the guided Prithvi missile variants. Have high manoeuvrability, acceleration and accuracy.
With the worldwide paradigm-shifting rapidly, the necessity to strengthen our defence sector assumes greater importance.