Updated: Nov 30, 2020 04:36 IST
World AIDS Day is observed on every 1st December to create awareness about AIDS. Acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS) is a chronic life-threatening condition which is caused by the human immunodeficiency virus (HIV). This condition damages the immune system of the patient and reduces the disease-fighting ability of the body. This day also tries to garner more public attention regarding HIV/AIDS and motivate people and organisations to take active steps towards ending the spread of this serious condition. This year the theme of World AIDS Day 2020 is ending the epidemic: Resilience and impact which is a call to all the organisations and individuals around the world to raise awareness about this epidemic, increase the knowledge about this disease and speak out against the prevailing HIV stigma.
With the increased efforts undertaken to raise public awareness about HIV and AIDS in the last decade, fighting against the human immunodeficiency virus is possible and patients suffering from these diseases now have access to proper medical care. However, even though the awareness about AIDS and HIV has increased but still millions of people around the world continue to contract HIV and die of the last stage of the virus’s infection, AIDS.
Therefore, as this pandemic continues to impact human life, it is has become extremely important for people to understand the various facts related to the disease. In this article, Dr. Swati Rajagopal who is a Consultant, Infectious diseases and travel medicine at Aster CMI Hospital tells, how this infection spreads and prevention steps.