|Real Name:||Subrahmanyam Jaishankar|
|Profession:||Indian Diplomat and Politician|
Subrahmanyam Jaishankar (born 9 January 1955) is an Indian diplomat and politician serving as the Minister of External Affairs of the Government of India since 30 May 2019. He is a member of the Bharatiya Janata Party and a Member of Parliament in the Rajya Sabha since 5 July 2019. He previously served as the Foreign Secretary from January 2015 to January 2018. He became the second-ever diplomat to be appointed as India’s External Affairs minister, after Natwar Singh.
He joined the Indian Foreign Service (IFS) in 1977 and during his diplomatic career spanning over 38 years, he served in different capacities in India and abroad including as a High Commissioner to Singapore (2007–09) and as Ambassador to Czechia (also known as the Czech Republic) (2001–04), China (2009–2013) and the US (2014–2015). Jaishankar played a key role in negotiating the Indo-US civilian nuclear agreement.
On retirement, Jaishankar joined Tata Sons as the President, of Global Corporate Affairs. In 2019, he was conferred with Padma Shri, India’s fourth highest civilian honour. On 30 May 2019, he was sworn in as a cabinet minister in the second Modi ministry. He was made the Minister of External Affairs on 31 May 2019. He is the first former Foreign Secretary to head the Ministry of External Affairs as the Cabinet Minister. Jaishankar is a multi-linguist and speaks English, Tamil, and Hindi, while also being conversational in Russian, Japanese, and Chinese.
S Jaishankar Biography
|30th Minister of External Affairs|
30 May 2019
|Prime Minister||Narendra Modi|
|Preceded by||Sushma Swaraj|
|Member of Parliament, Rajya Sabha|
5 July 2019
|Preceded by||Amit Shah|
|31st Foreign Secretary of India|
28 January 2015 – 28 January 2018
|Prime Minister||Narendra Modi|
|Preceded by||Sujatha Singh|
|Succeeded by||Vijay Keshav Gokhale|
|Ambassador of India to the United States|
1 December 2013 – 28 January 2015
|Prime Minister||Manmohan Singh
|Preceded by||Nirupama Rao|
|Succeeded by||Arun Kumar Singh|
|Ambassador of India to China|
1 June 2009 – 1 December 2013
|Prime Minister||Manmohan Singh|
|Preceded by||Nirupama Rao|
|Succeeded by||Ashok Kantha|
|High Commissioner of India to Singapore|
1 January 2007 – 1 June 2009
|President||A.P.J. Abdul Kalam
|Prime Minister||Manmohan Singh|
|Succeeded by||TCA Raghavan|
|Ambassador of India to the Czech Republic|
1 January 2001 – 1 January 2004
A.P.J. Abdul Kalam
|Prime Minister||Atal Bihari Vajpayee|
|Succeeded by||P.S. Raghavan|
9 January 1955
|Political party||Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP)|
|Spouse(s)||Shobha Jaishankar (deceased)
|Relatives||Sanjay Subrahmanyam (brother), S. Vijay Kumar (brother)|
|Alma mater||St. Stephen’s College, Delhi (BA),
Jawaharlal Nehru University (MA, MPhil, PhD)
|Occupation||Civil servant, diplomat, politician|
|Awards||Padma Shri (2019)|
Table of Contents
Early life and education (S Jaishankar Biography)
Jaishankar was born in Delhi, India to a prominent Indian civil servant Krishnaswamy Subrahmanyam and Sulochana Subrahmanyam. He was brought up in a Hindu Tamil family. He has two brothers: the historian Sanjay Subrahmanyam and the IAS officer S. Vijay Kumar, former Rural Development Secretary of India.
Jaishankar did schooling at the Air Force School, Subroto Park, New Delhi, and at the Bangalore Military School, Bangalore, Karnataka. He did his bachelor’s degree in chemistry from St. Stephen’s College at the University of Delhi. He has an MA in political science an M.Phil. and a Ph.D. in international relations from Jawaharlal Nehru University (JNU), where he specialised in nuclear diplomacy.
Diplomatic career (S Jaishankar Biography)
After joining the Indian Foreign Service in 1977, Jaishankar served as third secretary and second secretary in the Indian mission to the Soviet Union in Moscow from 1979 to 1981, where he studied Russian. He returned to New Delhi, where he worked as a special assistant to the diplomat Gopalaswami Parthasarathy and as undersecretary in the Americas division of India’s Ministry of External Affairs, dealing with the United States. He was part of the team that resolved the dispute over the supply of US nuclear fuel to the Tarapur Power Stations in India. From 1985 to 1988 he was the first secretary at the Indian embassy in Washington, D.C.
From 1988 to 1990, he served in Sri Lanka as First Secretary and political adviser to the Indian Peacekeeping Force (IPKF). From 1990 to 1993, he was a Counsellor (Commercial) at the Indian mission in Budapest. Returning to New Delhi, he served as Director (East Europe) in the Ministry of External Affairs and as press secretary and speechwriter for President of India Shankar Dayal Sharma.
Jaishankar was then Deputy Chief of Mission at the Indian Embassy in Tokyo from 1996 to 2000. This period saw a downturn in Indo-Japan relations following India’s Pokhran-II nuclear tests as well as a recovery after a visit to India by then-Japanese Prime Minister Yoshiro Mori. Jaishankar is reported to have helped introduce future Japanese Prime Minister Shinzō Abe to his Indian counterpart, Manmohan Singh. In 2000, he was appointed India’s ambassador to the Czech Republic.
From 2004 to 2007, Jaishankar was Joint Secretary (Americas) at the Ministry of External Affairs in New Delhi. In this capacity, he was involved in negotiating the US-India civil nuclear agreement and improving defence cooperation, including during relief operations following the 2004 Indian Ocean tsunami. Jaishankar was also involved with the conclusion of the 2005 New Defense Framework and the Open Skies Agreement, and he was associated with the launch of the US-India Energy Dialogue, the India-US Economic Dialogue, and the India-US CEO’s Forum. In 2006–2007, Jaishankar led the Indian team during the negotiations on the 123 Agreement with the United States. He also represented the Indian government at the Carnegie Endowment International Non-proliferation Conference in June 2007.
Jaishankar was reportedly considered for the post of India’s Foreign Secretary in 2013.
High Commissioner to Singapore
From 2007 to 2009, Jaishankar served as India’s High Commissioner to Singapore. During his tenure, he helped implement the Comprehensive Economic Cooperation Agreement (CECA) that expanded the Indian business presence in Singapore and oversaw a defence arrangement by which Singapore keeps some of its military equipment in India on a permanent basis. Jaishankar also promoted the Pravasi Bharatiya Divas, and IIMPact in Singapore.
Ambassador to China
Jaishankar was India’s longest-serving ambassador to China, with a four-and-a-half-year term. In Beijing, Jaishankar was involved in improving economic, trade and cultural relations between China and India, and in managing the Sino-Indian border dispute.
Jaishankar’s tenure as India’s ambassador to China coincided with several major developments in relations between the two countries. His 2010 briefing to the Indian Cabinet Committee on Security regarding China’s refusal to issue a visa to the head of the Indian Army‘s Northern Command led to a suspension of Indian defence cooperation with China before the situation was resolved in April 2011. Also in 2010, Jaishankar negotiated an end to the Chinese policy of issuing stapled visas to Indians from Jammu and Kashmir. In 2012, in response to Chinese passports showing Arunachal Pradesh and Aksai Chin as parts of China, he ordered visas issued to Chinese nationals showing those territories as parts of India. In May 2013, he negotiated the end of a stand-off resulting from the encampment by China’s People’s Liberation Army on Ladakh’s Depsang Plains, threatening to cancel Premier Li Keqiang’s scheduled visit to India if Chinese forces did not withdraw (See also 2013 Daulat Beg Oldi Incident). Jaishankar also briefed the media after the conclusion of Li’s visit to New Delhi in May 2013.
Jaishankar advocated deeper Indian cooperation with China as long as India’s “core interests” were respected and argued for better market access for Indian businesses operating in China on the grounds that more balanced trade was necessary for the bilateral economic relationship to be sustainable. He was also involved in improving people-to-people contacts between India and China, promoting events that showcased Indian culture in 30 Chinese cities.
Ambassador to the United States
Jaishankar was appointed as India’s Ambassador to the United States in September 2013. He took charge on 23 December 2013 succeeding Nirupama Rao. He arrived in the United States amid the Devyani Khobragade incident and was involved in negotiating the Indian diplomat’s departure from the United States. On 29 January 2014, Jaishankar addressed the Carnegie Endowment for International Peace, where he argued that “the grand strategy underwriting [Indian-American] ties is fundamentally sound” but that ties suffered from a “problem of sentiment.”
On 10 March 2014, he formally presented his credentials to US President Barack Obama at the Oval Office.
Jaishankar was involved in planning the Indian Prime Minister Narendra Modi‘s maiden visit to the United States in September 2014, welcoming him upon his arrival and hosting a dinner in his honour for members of the Indian-American community.
Jaishankar was appointed as Foreign Secretary of India on 29 January 2015. The announcement of his appointment was made following a 28 January 2015 meeting of the Appointments Committee of the Cabinet chaired by Prime Minister, Narendra Modi. Jaishankar is widely criticised by Nepalese analysts for being the “original planner of the 2015 Nepal blockade”.
Personal life (S Jaishankar Biography)
Jaishankar was married to his first wife Shobha till she succumbed to cancer. The two had met while studying at JNU. Later, he married Kyoko, who is of Japanese origin and has two sons, Dhruva and Arjun, and a daughter, Medha. He speaks Russian, English, Tamil, Hindi, conversational Japanese, Chinese and some Hungarian.
Political career (S Jaishankar Biography)
Minister of External Affairs
On 31 May 2019, he was appointed to the Office of the Minister of External Affairs. Jaishankar was sworn in as Cabinet minister on 30 May 2019.
On 5 July 2019, he was elected as Member of Parliament from the Bharatiya Janata Party to the Rajya Sabha from Gujarat state. He succeeded late Sushma Swaraj who was the External Affairs Minister in Narendra Modi’s Government in his first stint.
In October 2020, Jaishankar and the Indian Minister of Defence, Rajnath Singh met with US Secretary of State Mike Pompeo and US Secretary of Defense Mark T. Esper to sign the Basic Exchange and Cooperation Agreement on Geospatial Cooperation (BECA), which facilitates the sharing of sensitive information and intelligence—including access to highly-accurate nautical, aeronautical, topographical, and geospatial data—between United States and India. The agreement had been under discussion for over a decade, but previous concerns over information security impelled the United Progressive Alliance (UPA) coalition government to block it. In response to the dialogue, Chinese spokesperson for the Ministry of Foreign Affairs Wang Wenbin criticised the move and advised Pompeo to “abandon his Cold War mentality, zero-sum mindset, and stop harping on the ‘China threat.'”
In November 2022, during a joint press conference along with Russian foreign minister Sergey Lavrov, Jaishankar praised Russia as an “exceptionally steady” and “time-tested” partner of India and advocated a return to dialogue and peace between Russia and Ukraine. In June 2023, the Associated Press (AP) reported that Jaishankar had announced that India will remain committed in its stance on not inviting Ukraine to the 2023 G20 summit that is to be held in New Delhi, India.
Honours (S Jaishankar Biography)
- The Government of India honoured Padma Shri, the fourth highest civilian award in 2019 for his contributions to Indian diplomacy and leading role in restructuring India’s global conversations.
- Jaishankar, S. (2020). The India Way: Strategies for an Uncertain World. Harper Collins. p. 240.