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Mulayam Singh Yadav Biography – An Indian politician who known as “Netaji”

Mulayam Singh Yadav is an Indian politician and the founder-patron of the Samajwadi Party. He served for three non-consecutive terms as the Chief Minister of Uttar Pradesh, and also served as the Minister of Defence, Government of India.

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Real Name: Mulayam Singh Yadav
Profession: Indian politician
Birthplace: Saifai, United Provinces, British India
Wife: Malati Devi
Age: 82

Mulayam Singh Yadav (22 November 1939 – 10 October 2022) was an Indian politician and the founder-patron of the Samajwadi Party. He served for three non-consecutive terms as the Chief Minister of Uttar Pradesh, and also served as the Minister of Defence, Government of India. A long-time parliamentarian, he was the Member of Parliament, representing the constituency of Mainpuri in the Lok Sabha, and had also earlier served as the Member of Parliament from Azamgarh and Sambhal constituencies. He was often referred to as Netaji (meaning respected leader in Hindi) by party leaders and workers.

Mulayam Singh Yadav Biography
Mulayam Singh Yadav Biography
Mulayam Singh Yadav Biography
Member of Parliament, Lok Sabha
In office
23 May 2019 – 10 October 2022
Preceded by Tej Pratap Singh Yadav
Constituency Mainpuri
In office
16 May 2014 – 23 May 2019
Preceded by Ramakant Yadav
Succeeded by Akhilesh Yadav
Constituency Azamgarh
In office
16 May 2009 – 16 May 2014
Preceded by Dharmendra Yadav
Succeeded by Tej Pratap Singh Yadav
Constituency Mainpuri
In office
1998–2004
Preceded by D. P. Yadav
Succeeded by Ram Gopal Yadav
Constituency Sambhal
In office
1996–1998
Preceded by Uday Pratap Singh
Succeeded by Balram Singh Yadav
Constituency Mainpuri
15th Chief Minister of Uttar Pradesh
In office
29 August 2003 – 13 May 2007
Preceded by Mayawati
Succeeded by Mayawati
In office
5 December 1993 – 3 June 1995
Preceded by President’s rule
Succeeded by Mayawati
In office
5 December 1989 – 24 June 1991
Preceded by Narayan Datt Tiwari
Succeeded by Kalyan Singh
21st Defence Minister of India
In office
1 Jun 1996 – 19 Mar 1998
Prime Minister
  • H. D. Deve Gowda
  • I. K. Gujral
Preceded by Pramod Mahajan
Succeeded by George Fernandes
1st President of the Samajwadi Party
In office
3 Oct 1992 – 1 Jan 2017
Preceded by Position established
Succeeded by Akhilesh Yadav
Personal details
Born 22 November 1939
Saifai, United Provinces, British India
Died 10 October 2022 (aged 82)
Gurugram, Haryana, India
Political party Samajwadi Party (1992–2022)
Other political
affiliations
  • Socialist Party
  • Bharatiya Lok Dal
  • Janata Party
  • Bharatiya Kranti Dal
  • Janata Dal (1st time Chief Minister as Janata Dal Leader)
Spouses
  • Malati Devi (m. 1957; died 2003)
  • Sadhana Gupta (m. 2003; died 2022)
Relations
  • Shivpal Singh Yadav (brother)
  • Ram Gopal Yadav (cousin)
  • Dimple Yadav (daughter-in-law)
  • Dharmendra Yadav (nephew)
  • Tej Pratap Singh Yadav (grandnephew)
Children Akhilesh Yadav
Residence Saifai, Etawah district, Uttar Pradesh
Education Masters of Arts, (political science), (English Literature), Bachelor of Education
Alma mater
  • K. K. College, Etawah
  • B.R. College, Agra University
Occupation Politician
Profession Agriculturist, a former teacher

Early life and education (Mulayam Singh Yadav Biography)

Mulayam Singh Yadav was born to Murti Devi and Sughar Singh Yadav on 22 November 1939 in Saifai village, Etawah district, Uttar Pradesh, India.

Yadav had three degrees in political science — a B.A. from Karm Kshetra Post Graduate College in Etawah, a B.T. from A. K. College in Shikohabad, and an M.A. from B. R. College, Agra University.

Personal life

Yadav had married twice. His first wife, Malti Devi, was in a vegetative state from 1974 until her death in May 2003 following complications while giving birth to their only child, Akhilesh Yadav. Akhilesh was Chief Minister of Uttar Pradesh from 2012 to 2017.

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Mulayam had a relationship with Sadhana Gupta while still married to Malti Devi in the 1990s. Gupta was not well known until February 2007, when the relationship was admitted by India’s Supreme Court. Sadhana Gupta has a son named Prateek Yadav (born in 1988), from her first marriage.

Prateek’s wife Aparna Bisht Yadav (born in 1990) joined BJP in 2022. Sadhana Gupta died in July 2022 after a brief illness.

Mulayam Singh Yadav with Akhilesh Yadav
Mulayam Singh Yadav with Akhilesh Yadav

Family tree

Mulayam Singh Yadav had 4 brothers and a sister Kamla Devi. Ram Gopal Yadav and his sister Geeta Devi are his cousins. The family tree of the Yadav family is as follows:

  • Ratan Singh Yadav (eldest brother)
    • Ranvir Singh Yadav (nephew)
      • Tej Pratap Singh Yadav (grandnephew)
  • Mulayam Singh Yadav (himself)
    • Akhilesh Yadav (son)
    • Prateek Yadav (stepson)
  • Abhay Ram Yadav (younger brother)
    • Dharmendra Yadav (nephew)
    • Anurag Yadav (nephew)
  • Rajpal Singh Yadav (younger brother)
    • Abhishek Yadav (nephew)
    • Aryan Yadav (nephew)
  • Shivpal Singh Yadav (youngest brother)
    • Aditya Yadav (nephew)
  • Ram Gopal Yadav (cousin)
    • Akshay Yadav (son of Ram Gopal)

Note: Akhilesh Yadav is the only child of Mulayam Singh Yadav from his first wife Malti Devi. Prateek Yadav is the son of Chandra Prakash Gupta and Sadhna Gupta (2nd wife of Mulayam).

Early political career

Groomed by leaders such as Ram Manohar Lohia and Raj Narain, Yadav was first elected as a Member of the Legislative Assembly in the Legislative Assembly of Uttar Pradesh in 1967. Yadav served eight terms there. In 1975, during Indira Gandhi’s imposition of the Emergency, Yadav was arrested and kept in custody for 19 months. He first became a state minister in 1977. Later, in 1980, he became the president of the Lok Dal (People’s Party) in Uttar Pradesh which became a part of the Janata Dal (People’s Party) afterwards. In 1982, he was elected leader of the opposition in the Uttar Pradesh Legislative Council and held that post until 1985. When the Lok Dal party split, Yadav launched the Krantikari Morcha party.

Chief Minister

First term

Yadav first became Chief Minister of Uttar Pradesh in 1989.

After the collapse of the V. P. Singh national government in November 1990, Yadav joined Chandra Shekhar’s Janata Dal (Socialist) party and continued in office as chief minister with the support of the Indian National Congress (INC). His government fell when the INC withdrew its support in April 1991 in the aftermath of developments at the national level where it had earlier withdrawn its support for Chandra Shekhar’s government. Mid-term elections to the Uttar Pradesh assembly were held in mid-1991, in which Mulayam Singh’s party lost power to the BJP.

Second term

In 1992, Yadav founded his own Samajwadi Party (Socialist Party). In 1993, he allied with the Bahujan Samaj Party for the elections to the Uttar Pradesh assembly due to be held in November 1993. The alliance between Samajwadi Party and Bahujan Samaj Party prevented the return of the BJP to power in the state. Yadav became chief minister of Uttar Pradesh with the support of the Congress and Janata Dal. His stand on the movement for demanding separate statehood for Uttarakhand was as much controversy as his stand on the Ayodhya movement in 1990 was. There was a firing on Uttarakhand activists at Muzaffarnagar on 2 October 1994, something for which Uttarakhand activists held him responsible. He continued holding that post until his ally opted into another alliance in June 1995.

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Third term

In 2002, following a fluid post-election situation in Uttar Pradesh, the Bharatiya Janata Party and Bahujan Samaj Party joined to form a government under Dalit leader Mayawati, who was considered to be Yadav’s greatest political rival in the state. The BJP pulled out of the government on 25 August 2003, and enough rebel legislators of the Bahujan Samaj Party left to allow Yadav to become the Chief Minister, with the support of independents and small parties. He was sworn in as chief minister of Uttar Pradesh for the third time in September 2003.

Yadav was still a member of the Lok Sabha when he was sworn in as chief minister. In order to meet the constitutional requirement of becoming a member of the state legislature within six months of being sworn in, he contested the assembly by-election from Gunnaur assembly seat in January 2004. Yadav won by a record margin, polling almost 94 per cent of the votes.

With the hope of playing a major role at the centre, Yadav contested the 2004 Lok Sabha elections from Mainpuri while still Chief Minister of Uttar Pradesh. He won the seat and his Samajwadi Party won more seats in Uttar Pradesh than all other parties. However, the Congress party, which formed the coalition government at the centre after the elections, had a majority in the Lok Sabha with the support of the Communist parties. As a result, Yadav could not play any significant role at the centre, Yadav resigned from the Lok Sabha and chose to continue as chief minister of Uttar Pradesh until the 2007 elections, when he lost to the BSP.

Mulayam_Singh_Yadav_Biography
Mulayam Singh Yadav Biography

Cabinet minister

In 1996, Yadav was elected to the eleventh Lok Sabha from the Mainpuri constituency. In the United Front coalition government formed that year, his party joined and he was named India’s Defence Minister. That government fell in 1998 as India went in for fresh elections, but he returned to the Lok Sabha that year from Sambhal parliamentary constituency. After the fall of Atal Bihari Vajpayee’s government at the centre in April 1999, he did not support the Congress party in the formation of the government at the centre. He contested the Lok Sabha elections of 1999 from two seats, Sambhal and Kannauj, and won both. He resigned from the Kannauj seat for his son Akhilesh in the by-elections.

Positions held

Mulayam Singh Yadav had been elected 10 times as MLA and 7 times as Lok Sabha MP.

# From To Position Party
1. 1967 1969 MLA (1st term) from Jaswantnagar in 4th Vidhan Sabha SSP
2. 1974 1977 MLA (2nd term) from Jaswantnagar BKD
3. 1977 1980 MLA (3rd term) from Jaswantnagar BLD
4. 1982 1985 MLC (1st term) in Uttar Pradesh Legislative Council
5. 1985 1989 MLA (4th term) from Jaswantnagar Lok Dal
6. 1989 1991 * MLA (5th term) from Jaswantnagar
* Chief Minister (1st term) in the Government of UP
Janata Dal
7. 1991 1993 MLA (6th term) from Jaswantnagar, Nidhauli Kalan and Tilhar (by-boll) Janata Party
8. 1993 1996 * MLA (7th term) from Jaswantnagar and Shikohabad
* Chief Minister (2nd term) in Government of UP (1993-1995)
SP
9. 1996 1996 MLA (8th term) from Sahaswan (resigned in 1996) SP
10. 1996 1998 * MP (1st term) in 11th Lok Sabha from Mainpuri
* Minister of Defence in the Government of India
SP
11. 1998 1999 MP (2nd term) in 12th Lok Sabha from Sambhal SP
12. 1999 2004 MP (3rd term) in 13th Lok Sabha from Sambhal and Kannauj (resigned from Kannauj in 2000) SP
13. 2003 2007 * Chief Minister (3rd term) in the Government of UP
* MLA (9th term) from Gunnaur by-poll (2004-2007)
SP
14. 2004 2004 MP (4th term) in 14th Lok Sabha from Mainpuri (resigned in 2004) SP
15. 2007 2009 MLA (10th term) from Gunnaur and Bharthana (resigned in 2009) SP
16. 2009 2014 MP (5th term) in 15th Lok Sabha from Mainpuri SP
17. 2014 2019 MP (6th term) in 16th Lok Sabha from Azamgarh and Mainpuri (resigned from Mainpuri in 2014) SP
18. 2019 2022 MP (7th term) in 17th Lok Sabha from Mainpuri (died in 2022) SP
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Controversies (Mulayam Singh Yadav Biography)

Criticism over comment on rape

The crime of rape became a capital offence in India following the 2012 Delhi gang rape incident. Yadav had opposed this change in the law, saying that “Boys will be boys. Boys commit mistakes”. In response to the 2014 Badaun gang rape and Yadav’s comments, UN Secretary-General Ban Ki-moon said “We say no to the dismissive, destructive attitude of, ‘Boys will be boys'”. On 19 August 2015, Yadav remarked that gang rapes are impractical and rape victims in those cases tend to lie. He was summoned by the Judicial Magistrate of Mahoba district court in Uttar Pradesh for that remark.

Support for a sovereign independent Tibet

Yadav had said it is necessary for India to support a sovereign and independent Tibet. He said that a past government had made a “big mistake” on the issue and noted that he had spoken against it at the time. He believed that Tibet was a traditional buffer between China and India and that India should support the Dalai Lama and Tibetan independence. Claiming that China had secreted nuclear weapons in Pakistan, he cautioned that “China is our enemy, not Pakistan. Pakistan can do us no damage”.

Mulayam Singh Yadav Biography
Mulayam Singh Yadav Biography

Family feud

Since the young Akhilesh Yadav became Chief Minister of Uttar Pradesh in 2012, surpassing Mulayam’s brother Shivpal Singh Yadav, the Yadav family was divided into two feuding groups. One of the groups, led by Akhilesh, enjoyed the support of his father’s cousin and National General Secretary Ram Gopal Yadav. The rival group was led by Mulayam Singh and supported by his brother and State Chief of the Party, Shivpal Yadav, and a friend, former MP Amar Singh. Akhilesh had fired his uncle twice from his cabinet as it was seen by many as a direct challenge to his father, who has steadily supported Shivpal over Akhilesh. On 30 December 2016, Mulayam Yadav expelled his son Akhilesh and his cousin Ram Gopal from the party for six years on the grounds of indiscipline, only to revoke the decision 24 hours later. Akhilesh, in response, stripped his father of the party presidency and instead named him the chief patron of the party following the national convention of the party on 1 January 2017. Mulayam termed the national convention illegal and directly expelled his cousin, Ram Gopal Yadav, who had convened the national executive convention. But the Election commission of India ruled that Ram Gopal Yadav had the right to convene that executive convention, and reversed Mulayam’s order. Hence Akhilesh Yadav officially became the new national leader of the party.

In popular culture

Main Mulayam Singh Yadav, an Indian Hindi-language biographical film by Suvendu Raj Ghosh based on his life released in 2021; with Amyth Sethi playing the titular role in the film. Subhash Tyagi portrayed Yadav in the 2019 film The Accidental Prime Minister by Vijay Gutte, about Manmohan Singh – the former prime minister of India.

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